Jump to content
Sign in to follow this  
You need to play a total of 10 battles to post in this section.
JeeWeeJ

April 25 - Focus: SMS Dresden (1917)

7 comments in this topic

Recommended Posts

2,137
Members
3,593 posts

FIND ALL OUR DAILY THREADS HERE



 



General



Well, today once again enough ships to cover, so I'll keep this short (for a change)!



 



Ships/events of interest for today



 



1894 – Repulse - Royal Sovereign class - Commissioned



1914 – Regensburg - Graudenz-class - Launched



1917 – Dresden - Cöln class - Launched



1922 – Nagara – Nagara-class - Launched



1929 – Haguro  - Myōkō class - Commissioned



1929 – Pensacola – Pensacola- Launched



1940 – Wasp – Wasp class - Commissioned



1943 – Ravager – Attacker-class – Commissioned



1944 – Amsterdam – Cleveland-class– Launched



 



General stats



Allies: 26 surface ships laid down, 35 launched, 31 commissioned, 5 lost



Germany: 2 ships launched



Great Britain (pre-WW1): 1 ship commissioned



Japan: 1 ship launched, 1 ship commissioned



 



1917



Ah German WW1-era light cruisers, you soooo sexy. Todays subject is, in a sense, a bit sad though, for today in 1917 the new Cöln-class light cruiser SMS Dresden was launched...and she would be the last ship bigger than a destroyer to be commissioned into the Kaiserliche Marine.



 



Now, I've written quite a lot about German light cruisers already (just check our big list of topics) but lets talk a bit in general about German light cruisers first.

Two days ago, when I wrote my topic on the various naval treaties, I mentioned that only in the First London Naval Agreement the difference between heavy and light cruisers was made. This might be true on paper, but the German Kaiserliche Marine had started this trend a lot earlier, as early as 1899 in fact!



 



640px-SMS_Dresden_%28Light_Cruiser%29_sc



SMS Dresden



 



In contrast to the other navies of the world, the German navy realised quite early that in order for its fleet to be effective they needed cheap, multi-role ships if they wanted to accomplish the goals set before it by the German government, especially with the German ambition to become a world-spanning empire like the British one.



 



But where the Royal Navy had countless armored and protected cruisers to rely on, the German Kaiserliche Marine had to start from scratch. But this wasn't as bad as it sounds, for they had the opportunity to see how the ships of other navies performed and could implement these lessons learned in their own ships.

What they saw was that most navies relied on the big and expensive armored cruisers for most of the work, while the cheaper protected cruisers were mostly used for scouting missions.



Germany realised that it didn't have the money to build endless numbers of armored cruisers, but the traditional protected cruiser would be too weak for what Germany wanted: patrol their empire.



 



ibwbuq.jpg



SMS Dresden



 



So German designers started work on what they would call "Kleiner Kreuzers" or small cruisers. These ships were, generally speaking, more heavily armed and armored than the protected cruisers of other nations, yet not as expensive to build and use as armored cruisers (nor as heavily armed and armored). In essence the ideal ships for partolling Germany's assets around the world.



 



This design philosophy was so succesful that in total eleven classes of these German small cruisers would be built, and other naval poweres soon followed and as such the light cruiser class of ships was born.



 



2dhv39e.jpg



Postcard of SMS Dresden



 



But there was one aspect of the German light cruisers designs that was unique in the world: where most other navies built cruisers for a specific task (like: scouting, destroyer-leaders etc) those of German design were all multi-role ships. The all carried a mix of guns, torpedoes and mines, making them the well known "jack of all trades, master of none". While this would seem like an unwise thing to do, keep in mind that Germany did not have the resources nations like the UK and US had to just keep building ships without regard of costs and resources. Ultimately, Germany did look into cruiser designs for specific roles towards the end of WW1, but these never left the drawing board.



 



Anyway, on to our subject for today! SMS Dresden.



 



The Dresden was one of only two ships (out of ten ships laid down) of the Cöln class of 1917 that would actually be commissioned into the navy. She was laid down sometime in 1916 at Howaldtswerke in Kiel, launched on 04-25-1917 and commissioned into the navy at 03-28-1918. She would only serve with the navy for a few months before WW1 ended.



 



The Cöln-class was, ultimately, the final evolution of German WW1 light-cruiser design. Armed with eight 15cm (5.9")/45 SK L/45 guns in single turrets, three 8.8cm AA guns, four 60cm (24") single torpedo tubes and 200 mines they were slightly heavier armed than the preceding cruisers of the Königsberg-class of 1916. Armor was kept pretty much the same with roughly 60mm of Krupp cemented armor all-round and power was provided by two parsons geared turbines, driving the ship up to speeds of 27.5 knots.



 



While, on paper, a quite powerful design (the British Danae-class of 1918 came close firepower-wise) Dresden and her sister Cöln would never see any proper action. Cöln only responded to some false alarms of British cruiser forces and laid down some mines off the Dutch island of Texel, while Dresden was reserved for the planned final sortie of the Hochseeflotte. This plan actually sparked the large scale mutiny in Kiel and Dresden saw her most intense moments during this mutiny.



 



As her crew were loyal to the navy, they intended to follow their orders and leave the port...only to be blocked by the dreadnought Markgraf, which actually aimed one of her 12" turrets at Dresden. She was ultimately allowed to leave port after which she traveled to Swinemünde where she was partially scuttled by her crew after receiving reports of ships under mutineer command were following her. These reports proved to be false, afther which the ship was refloated and brought back to active service.



 



That wouldn't take long, as Germany capitulated in November of 1918.



 



Together with her sister she was interned at Scapa Flow, where they were scuttled on the 21st of June, 1919. Both ships were never raised and the wrecks remain where they sank at around 25m depth.



 



x8wlt.jpg



Sonar image of how Dresden looks now: on the bottom of Scapa Flow



 



Stats
Dimensions

Length (Total): 155.5m

Length (Waterline): 159.8m

Beam: 14.2m

Draft: 6.01m

Displacement: 7,486 tons



 



Weapons

15cm/45 SK L/45: 8

8.8cm/45 Flak L/45: 3

60cm torpedo tubes: 4

Mines: 200



 



Armor

Deck: 20mm-40mm

Belt: 18mm-60mm

Command Tower: 100mm

Gunshields: 50mm



 



Engines

Shafts: 2

Turbines: 2

Type: Parsons geared turbines



 



Performance

Total Performance: 49,000shp

Speed: 27.5kn

Range: 6,000nm at 12kn



 



Crew

Officers: 17

Enlisted men: 542



 



166ddeq.jpg



Outlines of the Cöln-class of 1917



 



Sources
German-navy.de
Navweaps.com

Wikipedia


  • Cool 6

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
1,859
Supertester, Members, Alpha Tester, In AlfaTesters, Beta Testers
11,285 posts
1,963 battles

Good stuff!

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
1,982
[XODUS]
Alpha Tester
4,691 posts
1,944 battles

25m is pretty dive-able depth, though I gather Scapa is a terrible place for diving; not only cold but high crosscurrents.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
2,137
Members
3,593 posts

25m is pretty dive-able depth, though I gather Scapa is a terrible place for diving; not only cold but high crosscurrents.

Well, you can actually make diving trips there!

See HERE for an example.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Guest
This topic is now closed to further replies.
Sign in to follow this  

  • Recently Browsing   0 members

    No registered users viewing this page.

×