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Ariecho

December 28 - Focus: Sumner-class

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FIND ALL OUR DAILY THREADS HERE

 

General:

 

List of large ships and events:

1915 - Battle of Durazzo

1922 - HMS Nelson - Nelson-class - Laid down

1922 - HMS Rodney - Nelson-class - Laid down

1930 - RM GoriziaZara-class - Launched

1933 - RM Duca Degli AbruzziCondottieri-class - Laid down

1933 - RM Guiseppe GaribaldiCondottieri-class - Laid down

1934 - MN MogadorMogador-class - Laid down

 

Today marks the first time in our daily thread history that we have covered every single class of large ships (HMS Rodney and HMS Nelson were the only two ships in the Nelson-class, which de facto covers the class).  Individual ships in those classes either were also covered in details, or didn't have enough history.  Finally, we didn't find enough information about the first battle of Durazzo, beside one link on Wikipedia.  The good news about that is that it gives us the opportunity to speak about other ships that we usually set on the side. 

 

Statistics for December 28:

Allies: 38 surface ships were laid down, 33 were launched*, 28 were commissioned, and 2 were sunk

Italy: 2 ships laid down (RM Duca Degli Abruzzi and RM Guiseppe Garibaldi) and 1 ship launched (RM Gorizia)

* Includes the rare presence of a Brazilian ship, BZ Mariz e Barros, a Marcilio Dias-class destroyer, based on the US Mahan-class

 

1943

 

On December 28, 1943, USS Shea, an Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer was launched.  58 ships of this class would be laid down as destroyers and have a career as such, while another 12 would eventually be converted into mine-layers, and their sub-class be known as the Robert H. Smith-class.

 

Sumner-class destroyers had big shoes to fill, as they were replacing a very successful class of destroyers, the Fletcher-class.  Rather than starting from scratch, naval engineers and the Admiralty decided to take advantage of all the good features that could be found on the Fletcher-class, and modernize them.  To do so, the same company that had designed the Fletcher-class was kept to design the Sumner-class.  This was a brilliant move that saved a lot of money, but would also ensure that a new company wouldn't mess up the new class.

 

1_zps4e8a0c38.jpg

Sumner-class

 

Characteristics:

Displacement: 2,200 tons standard - 3,315 tons full load
Length: 369 ft waterline - 376 ft 6 in overall - Beam: 40.1 ft - Draft: 14.5 ft normal - 15.8 ft maximum
Propulsion: 4 Babcock & Wilcox or Foster Wheelerproviding 60,000 shp (45 MW) to driveGeneral Electric or Westinghousegeared turbines; two shafts
Speed: 36.5 knots
Range: 3,300 nm @ 20 knots - 5,000 nm @ 15 knots
400 tons oil fuel 
Complement: 350 (1945)
Armament (1945): 6 × 5-in/38 (3 x 2) - 16 × 40 mm Bofors AA guns (4 x 4) - 12 × 20 mm Oerlikon cannons (12 x 1) - 10 × 21-inch torpedo tubes

 

Differences with Fletcher-class:

As a starter, the same hull was kept, but the beam was increased by 1.2 foot.  Where the Fletcher-class had 5 single 5-inch guns, the Sumner-class had 6 guns in 3 double turrets (2 forward and 1 aft), derived from the Farragut-class.  Secondary armament was also more important with 16 x 40 mm Bofors as opposed to 10 on the Fletcher, as well as 12 x 20 mm when the Fletcher-class only had 10.  Speed was theoretically the same and Sumner-class ships had a choice of two turbines, either General Electric or Westinghouse where Fletcher only hosted General Electric turbines.

 

800px-USS_Moale.jpg

USS Moale (Sumner-class) and ...

USS_Fletcher_%28DD-445%29_off_New_York%2

...USS Fletcher (Fletcher-class)

 

Shipyards:

No less than 5 shipyards worked together to produce the 70 Sumner-class (and Smith-class) destroyers.  On the East Coast, Federal Shipbuilding, NJ and Bath Iron Works, MA were selected; while on the West Coast, Bethlehem Steel at San Pedro and San Francisco, CA and Todd-Pacific in Seattle, WA were given the contracts.

 

Operational life:

Even only considering the "pure" destroyer Sumner-class ships, it would be too long to cover the operational life of each of them.  I am sure though that we will find some great stories about them, when the time comes.  For the time being, as only the class itself is covered, let's focus on some more general data.

 

Four Sumner-class destroyers were lost in operations.  Let's take a look at them:

 

USS Cooper: Commissioned on March 27, 1944, USS Cooper was assigned to the Pacific fleet, and arrived in the Philippines on November 5.  On December 2, she was tasked to intercept a Japanese convoy with her sister-ships USS Allen M. Sumner and USS Moale.  On December 3, the 3 US destroyers found the convoyed moored in Ormoc City and engaged the transports.  Soon, the Japanese launched whatever they had on the scene on the US ships, including aircraft, submarines, shore batteries, and 2 destroyers: IJN Kuwa and Take.  The battle of Ormoc Bay had just begun, and soon, Kuwa fell under the fire from the 3 US destroyers.  Within minutes, her sister-ship Take avenged her by launching a torpedo salvo that sank USS Cooper.

 

2_zps49bf96de.jpg

Kuwa sunk at the battle of Ormoc Bay by Sumner-class destroyers Cooper, Meale, and Sumner

 

742px-USS_Cooper_%28DD-695%29.jpg

USS Cooper

 

USS Meredith: Commissioned on March 14, 1944, USS Meredith, like her sister USS Cooper, had a short life.  She was part of the Allied escort during Operation Overlord and protected troop transports as they were sending men onto the Normandy beaches.  On June 7, 1944, she was struck by a mine, but still managed to withdraw to an anchorage where she was found, 2 days later, by German aircraft.

 

USS_Meredith_%28DD-726%29.jpg

USS Meredith

 

USS Mannert L. Abele: USS Mannert L. Abele was commissioned on July 4, 1944, and was sent to the Pacific Ocean, where she spent the rest of 1944.  In 1945, she participated in the invasion of Okinawa, where she served as radar picket, having received some modifications in that sense by the end of 1944.  On April 12, 1945, she became the target of several kamikaze attacks for several hours.  At 14:40 that day, she was hit a first time by a Zero that crashed into her engine room on the starboard side.  USS Mannert L. Abele was already badly damaged when 6 minutes later, a Yokosuka MXV7 Ohka finished her.  The destroyer had the grim privilege of becoming the first US ship to be sunk by the Ohka.

 

769px-USS_Mannert_L._Abele_DD-733.jpg

USS Mannert L. Abele

 

Japanese_Ohka_rocket_plane.jpg

Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka

 

 

USS Drexler:USS Drexler was commissioned on November 14, 1944.  Assigned to the Pacific fleet, she soon joined the attack on Okinawa where she was used as radar picket.  On May 28, 1945, kamikaze aircraft came again early in the morning, and by 07:00AM, USS Drexler was hit by an aircraft that crashed into her, causing fires and heavy damage.  While her crew was battling the spreading fires and other aircraft rushing in her direction, she was hit another time, this time by a larger aircraft, a Yokosuka P1Y bomber.  The impact was so violent that USS Drexler sank in less than a minute.

 

800px-USS_Drexler_%28DD-741%29.jpg

USS Drexler

 

Frances_%26_Ommaney_Bay.jpg

P1 of the same type that sank USS Drexler

 

The Sumner-class is so far scheduled to appear as a tier-9 US destroyer.  However, we just established that she was a direct modification of the Fletcher-class destroyer that, according to mr3awsome's tech tree, is a tier-7.  The question then is: who is the mysterious tier-8?

 

th1d.jpg

 

Stay tuned...

 

Edited by Ariecho
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Nice post, thanks for sharing! +1 I thought the Fletcher-Class was appearing as Tier 8? -Not the premium one.

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Nice post, thanks for sharing! +1 I thought the Fletcher-Class was appearing as Tier 8? -Not the premium one.

This would make sense, or have the Sumner go down to tier-8, but the latest open information that we have, according to mr3awsome is that it is a tier-7!

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This would make sense, or have the Sumner go down to tier-8, but the latest open information that we have, according to mr3awsome is that it is a tier-7!

I can only put what they tell us.

 

That and we are terrible at guessing where destroyers are. 

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I can only put what they tell us.

 

That and we are terrible at guessing where destroyers are. 

Oh, I'm not blaming you.  I'm just saying that the provided information by them might not be accurate anymore.  The Sumner is a direct spawn from the Fletcher, that's why I wonder what they could have put in between them.

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Well you could always ask about it....

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