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pastore123

Carlo Bergamini and the Roma

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With all of the talk of the Roma and my assumption that it will be released Soon™, I would like to highlight another Italian Admiral who had seen the Roma in it's last moments. 

Carlo Bergamini was born on October 24, 1888. 20 years later he would be given the rank Guardiamarina and serve aboard the Vittor Pisani, an armoured cruiser during the Italian-Turkish war. During WW1, he would receive a silver medal for valor for his actions during the bombardment of Durres, Albania, whilst serving as the Chief of Artillery on the Pisa. 
See the source image
It is of high interest to note that Bergamini was quite the mathematician. Because of his mathematical abilities and his specialization in artillery, he, together with the firm Galileo of Florence, would create a new anti ship-anti aircraft firing system, which was quite fast and accurate. 

During his career, he would command on two famous ships, the Vittorio Venete and the Caio Duilio. He would then command the whole Italian Battle Fleet in 1943 and fly his colors on the Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, and finally, the Roma. 

He was the last commander of the Roma. He learned of the Armistice as he was preparing to combat Allied forces landing in Salerno. He would turn and head towards Tunisia after learning that La Maddalena was in control of the Germans. On September 9, 1943, his fleet was attacked by German bombers armed with a weapon that the Italians had not yet discovered, the Fritz X guided bomb. The Roma would be hit by two bombs, the latter sinking the Roma and killing Bergamini and 1,350 other men. 
220px-Affondamento_corazzata_Roma_1943-9-9_mappa.svg.png

Bergamini would be given the rank of Ammiraglio d'Armata, or Full Admiral posthumously.  In 1960 the Frigate Carlo Bergamini was created in his honor, as well as in 2013, FREMM (Fregata Multi Missione) Bergamini class frigates was named in his honor. 

 

Image result for carlo bergamini nave

The following are the Awards and Medals he received in life and death:

Ordine di Savoia 
Silver Medal (WW I) 
Silver Medal (WW II) 
Croce di Guerra (3 of them) 
Iron Cross of II Class (German) 
Gold Medal (posthumously with proportion to the rank of Admiral of Army) 

You can read more about him in the following link: http://www.regiamarina.net/detail_text_with_list.asp?nid=123&lid=1

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlo_Bergamini_(admiral)

http://www.regiamarina.net/detail_text_with_list.asp?nid=123&lid=1

Picture Sources:

https://www.pinterest.com/lucafregoni/regia-marina/

https://thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com/2015/11/19/fremm-multipurpose-frigate-french-specific/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlo_Bergamini_(admiral)

 


 

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