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The Jeune École ("Young School") was a strategic naval concept developed during the 19th century. It advocated the use of small, heavily armed vessels to combat larger battleships, and the use of commerce raiders to cripple the trade of the rival nation. The idea was developed among French naval theorists: the French government had the second largest navy of the time, and the theorists desired to counteract the strength of the larger British Royal Navy. The Jeune École embraced commerce raiding, torpedo boats and submarines and would be the doctrine used by a number of navies during short periods of naval history. But was this doctrine have merit? Was it truly a recipe for victory?